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The raging fire called Sudan

military in Sudan

Sudan has been in the throes of a civil war for decades. It has been raging for nearly four decades. It began in 1983, when a coup d’état was staged by Colonel John Garang, who later founded the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). The conflict is complex, and there are many actors involved: the government, rebel groups, and various international powers such as China and Russia. The main causes of the conflict are religion (Muslims against Christians) and ethnicity (the Arab North versus Black South).

The effects of this conflict on everyday life in Sudan have been devastating. According to CNN, more than 2 million people have died from violence or starvation since 1983. The United Nations estimates that 400,000 children have lost their lives due to violence or disease during this time period.

Impact on India-Sudan Relations

The conflict has also had an impact on India’s relations with Sudanese people. Since independence in 1956, India has maintained friendly relations with Sudan through economic ties. And also diplomatic support at international forums like the United Nations Security Council and African Union Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs. During this time period we have seen a steady increase in bilateral trade between our two countries which now stands at $1 billion annually.

Indians living in Sudan have been impacted very severely. Though most of them have lived in Sudan for generations. Their homes were destroyed in the fighting and many lost everything they had. In addition to losing their homes and possessions, many were forced to flee from their villages into refugee camps. Where they lived in fear of being attacked by rebel forces or militia groups like Janjaweed. Who would come into the camps at night looking for people to steal or kill.

Impact on society

Civil wars tend to destroy societies, uprooting them altogether. Some of the major consequences are:

Loss of life

Civil wars can cause immense loss of life, with civilians often being the worst affected. Combatants on both sides may engage in brutal acts of violence, leading to widespread death and destruction.

Displacement of people

Civil wars often result in the displacement of millions of people. Forcing them to leave their homes and flee to other regions or countries. This can lead to a refugee crisis, with inadequate resources and facilities to support those who have been displaced.

Destruction of infrastructure

Civil wars can cause significant damage to the infrastructure of a country. Including hospitals, schools, roads, bridges, and other essential facilities. This can impede the country’s ability to rebuild and recover once the conflict is over.

Economic downturn

Civil wars can have a severe impact on a country’s economy, with businesses shutting down, trade routes disrupted, and foreign investment declining. This can result in widespread poverty, unemployment. And a decline in living standards for the general population.

Societal divisions

Civil wars often deepen existing societal divisions, such as those based on ethnicity, religion, or political affiliation. This can lead to a breakdown of trust and cooperation between different groups within society. Making it harder to rebuild once the conflict is over.

In short, civil wars can have long-lasting and devastating effects on a country and its people. Making it crucial to prevent such conflicts from arising and resolving them as quickly as possible if they do occur.

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