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Why India’s Chandrayaan-3 soft landing is a first for the World

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Chandrayaan-3’s Vikram lander makes successful soft-landing on Moon’s South Pole

India has achieved a groundbreaking feat by becoming the inaugural nation to effectively land a spacecraft in the vicinity of the Moon’s southern pole, the first amongst all countries on the planet. Past lunar missions that predominantly targeted equatorial regions, this unprecedented achievement of reaching the South Pole holds pivotal significance in the quest to uncover water resources.

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The rationale behind targeting the moon’s south pole is rooted in the prospect of unearthing water ice. Landing in this region provides India the opportunity to ascertain the presence of water ice on the lunar surface, a pivotal element for accumulating comprehensive geological data and advancing lunar science. 

India’s endeavor holds paramount significance in lunar exploration and fortifying its stature as a potent space entity. This comes in the wake of a recent mishap involving a Russian lander. India’s lunar mission, named Chandrayaan, which translates to “moon vehicle” in Hindi and Sanskrit, represents its second endeavor to achieve a successful moon landing. In 2019, the ISRO’s Chandrayaan-2 mission accomplished the deployment of an orbiter, although its lander met an unfortunate crash.

The scientific community’s focus has now shifted towards the deployment of a rover, with the intention of transmitting invaluable imagery and data from the Moon back to Earth. In terms of financial investment, Chandrayaan-3 has been developed within a budget of approximately Rs 615 crore, equivalent to $75 million.

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