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India Improves its position in the latest global gender gap report

Gender equality

According to the annual Gender Gap Report, 2023 by the World Economic Forum (WEF), India has made progress in gender parity. Moving up eight places to rank 127 out of 146 countries. In the previous edition of the report in 2022, India was ranked 135. The report highlights that India has achieved parity in enrolment across all levels of education.

India has closed 64.3% of the overall gender gap, but it has only reached 36.7% parity in economic participation and opportunity. The report also compares India’s ranking with its neighbouring countries. With Pakistan at 142, Bangladesh at 59, China at 107, Nepal at 116, Sri Lanka at 115, and Bhutan at 103.

Iceland continues to be the most gender-equal country for the 14th consecutive year. The country closed more than 90% of its gender gap.

In terms of wages and income, India has seen an improvement in parity. But there has been a slight drop in the representation of women in senior positions. And also women in technical roles. Regarding political empowerment, India has achieved 25.3% parity, with women representing 15.1% of parliamentarians. The highest percentage since the inaugural report in 2006. In the area of local governance, India, along with Bolivia and France, has achieved women’s representation of over 40% in local government bodies.

The report recognizes the improvement in India’s sex ratio at birth. Which has driven up parity after a decade of slow progress. However, the report also highlights that India, along with Vietnam, Azerbaijan, and China, has lower overall rankings in the Health and Survival sub-index. This is due to the skewed sex ratios at birth.

In Southern Asia, the region has achieved 63.4% gender parity, the second-lowest among the eight regions. The score in South Asia has risen by 1.1 percentage points since the last edition. Mainly due to improvements in populous countries like India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

Promising trend but miles to go

Though an upward trend is promising, we as a nation still have miles to go. As far as gender parity and equality are concerned. Let’s all strive for an equal world. A world where gender no longer holds any importance as far as opportunities and skills are concerned.

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