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7 lifestyle habits that can help prevent depression

Lifestyle habits to prevent depression

Depression, a persistent mood disorder characterized by profound sadness and diminished interest, has multifaceted origins and diverse triggers, as described by the Mayo Clinic and NHS UK. Understanding its prevention is a pivotal aspect of managing this condition, and a recent study published in Nature Mental Health identifies seven lifestyle factors that can contribute significantly to depression prevention.

Barbara Sahakian, a co-author of the study and a professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Cambridge, emphasized the importance of these lifestyle factors in mitigating the risk of depression. While genetic predisposition plays a role, adopting a healthy lifestyle can have a more substantial impact. Here’s a closer look at each of these lifestyle habits:

Adequate Sleep: 

Among the identified lifestyle factors, sleep stands out as the most crucial. The study reveals that obtaining seven to nine hours of sleep per night can reduce the risk of depression, even in cases of treatment-resistant depression, by an impressive 22%. Quality sleep is essential for emotional well-being.

Social Connections: 

Frequent social interactions serve as a protective shield against recurrent depressive disorder. The study found that maintaining regular social connections can lower the overall risk of depression by 18%. Human connections and a robust support system are vital for mental health.

Healthy Diet: 

A nutritious diet is linked to a 6% reduction in the risk of depression. Research from April 2022 at the University of Technology Sydney specifically notes that a Mediterranean diet positively impacted depression symptoms in young men. Consuming a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients supports mental and emotional health.

Regular Physical Activity: 

Engaging in regular physical activity can decrease the risk of depression by 14%. Exercise is shown to be 1.5 times more effective than medication or cognitive behavior therapy in reducing mild-to-moderate symptoms of depression, stress, and anxiety. Physical activity enhances mood and overall well-being.


The study underscores that never smoking can lead to a 20% reduction in the risk of depression. Smoking is associated with various health complications, making it imperative to abstain from this harmful habit for both physical and mental well-being.

Moderate Alcohol Consumption: 

Limiting alcohol intake to moderate levels can reduce the risk of depression by 11%. Excessive alcohol consumption can contribute to temporary anxiety and depressive symptoms, with greater intake intensifying these effects. Responsible alcohol consumption is advised to safeguard mental health.

Minimizing Sedentary Behavior: 

Keeping sedentary behavior at low-to-moderate levels can reduce the risk of depression by 13%. Prolonged periods of inactivity have been linked to various mental health issues, including stress, dementia, and sleep disturbances. Reducing sedentary behavior is essential for preserving mental and emotional equilibrium.

In summary, while genetic factors can influence susceptibility to depression, adopting a healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of developing this debilitating condition. Prioritizing adequate sleep, nurturing social connections, maintaining a nutritious diet, engaging in regular physical activity, refraining from smoking, moderating alcohol consumption, and minimizing sedentary behavior all contribute to promoting mental well-being and resilience against depression. These lifestyle choices empower individuals to take proactive steps toward safeguarding their mental health and fostering a happier, more balanced life.

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